The cross-border nature of the internet has generated unprecedented economic, social, and political benefits for humanity; however, tensions concerning the application of national laws on the global Internet are increasing.
In response to a pressing need for more collaboration among all actors to preserve the global character of the internet, the Global Internet and Jurisdiction Conference gathered key senior participants from governments, businesses, technical operators, civil society, academia, and international organizations to specifically address the issue of jurisdiction for the first time on a global level.
The conference of the global multistakeholder policy network Internet & Jurisdiction built on progress achieved since 2012, providing a unique opportunity to take stock of the current state of jurisdiction on the internet.
The objectives of the Global Internet and Jurisdiction Conference were to build trust between the different stakeholders, bridge policy silos, and enable multistakeholder cooperation. It aimed to catalyze the development of shared cooperation frameworks and policy standards that are as transnational as the internet itself in order to promote legal interoperability and establish due process across borders.
Institutional supporters of the Conference were the OECD, European Commission, UNESCO, Council of Europe, the Slovak 2016 Presidency of the Council of the EU, and ICANN. It took place at the Ministerial Conference Center provided by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Former Swedish Prime Minister, Chair of the Global Commission on Internet Governance
Carl Bildt served as Sweden’s foreign minister from 2006 to 2014, and was Prime Minister from 1991 to 1994, when he negotiated Sweden’s EU accession. A renowned international diplomat, he served as EU Special Envoy to the former Yugoslavia, High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, UN Special Envoy to the Balkans, and Co-Chairman of the Dayton Peace Conference.
Deputy Secretary-General, OECD
Mr. Douglas Frantz took up his duties as Deputy Secretary-General on 2 November 2015. In this role, he will actively contribute to the strategic direction of the OECD’s development agenda, notably in the context of the cooperation with the United Nations toward the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. An American citizen, Mr. Frantz comes to the OECD from the U.S. State Department, where he was Assistant Secretary of State of Public Affairs. He was responsible for communications and social media worldwide, leading a bureau of more than 300 staff. Before joining the State Department, he worked for then-Senator John Kerry as deputy staff director and chief investigator of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. He was a newspaper reporter and editor for more than 35 years, reporting from 40 countries and covering major conflicts including both Gulf wars and the Afghan war. He shared a Pulitzer Prize for coverage of the aftermath of 9/11 while at the New York Times. He also is the author of 10 nonfiction books. Mr. Frantz holds a B.A. from DePauw University, and a Master of Science from Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism.
Frank La Rue
Assistant Director-General Communication and Information, UNESCO
Frank La Rue is Assistant Director-General Communication and Information at UNESCO. Before, he was the Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression at the UN Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights. Mr. La Rue is also co-founder of the Center for Legal Action for Human Rights (CALDH) and has been involved in the promotion of human rights for over 25 years. He is widely respected as one of the world’s foremost human rights advocates, with particular expertise in political analysis; democratic development; and conflict management, negotiation, and resolution. A lawyer by training, Mr. LaRue has worked as a journalist, served in the government in his native Guatemala, and has frequently taught and written about human rights.
Vice President, Public Policy and Government Relations EMEA, Google
Nicklas Lundblad has been with Google since 2007, first building the public policy team in the Nordics, after which he was recruited to build a long term policy research and strategy team in Mountain View. He spent three and half years in Mountain View building and leading this team, and then returned in 2013 to Sweden and took on the role as head of Google's European public policy team. He holds a PhD in informatics, and is an adjunct professor in innovation at The Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm. Mr. Lundblad is a member of the Royal Academy of Engineering Sciences in Sweden, an Eisenhower Fellow and has served on a number of boards. In 2012 he was one of 21 Google executives globally given a Great Manager Award. He is the author of three books on information technology and policy, and is a regular contributor to several newspapers and magazines.
Africa Regional Coordinator, World Wide Web Foundation
Nnenna Nwakanma works to develop cutting-edge collaborations in Africa. Her work has a particular focus on the Alliance for Affordable Internet project and the Web We Want campaign for human rights on and through the Web. She is also heavily involved in driving forward the open data agenda across Africa. Ms. Nwakanma is an experienced development professional who has worked in the ICT field in Africa for over a decade. As well as leading a highly regarded consultancy platform, she has in recent years co-founded The Free Software and Open Source Foundation for Africa, and served as a board member of the Open Source Initiative. Her career has allowed her to work closely with many civil society organisations, the African Development Bank, the Digital Solidarity Fund and has seen her involved in many phases of the UN’s Africa Information Society Initiative. She has lived and worked in five African countries and is fluent in English, French and a number of African languages.
Internet & Jurisdiction is grateful to the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs for providing the Ministerial Conference Center as the venue for the 2016 Global Internet and Jurisdiction Conference.
Executive Director, Centre for Communication Governance, National Law University, Delhi
Chinmayi Arun is the Director of the Centre for Communication Governance, and an Assistant Professor of Law at National Law University, Delhi. She focuses on freedom of expression, intermediary liability and privacy. She is the lead author of the India Country Report for the Global Network of Centres’ research project on online intermediaries, as well as the India reports 2014 and 2015 within the Freedom on the Net annual report.
Maria Ines Baqué
Secretary of Innovation, Ministry of Modernization, Argentina
María Inés Baqué is currently the Secretary of Public Management and Innovation for the Argentinian Ministry of Modernization. Her previous roles have included Services Director for Argentina & Uruguay at Microsoft, IT Services Director at HP Argentina, and various roles in international businesses. Ms. Basqué is a great believer in education and women empowerment as huge social transformers. On top of her professional roles, she sponsored the Career Development Program for HP Argentina and led the Diversity & Inclusion team for Microsoft Latam Services.
She is committed to the empowerment of young women leaders and actively participates in Vital Voices as a mentor, and also belongs to AS/COAS Hemispheric Women Network.
Director, International Telecommunications Policy and Coordination, Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development, Canada
Benedicto Fonseca Filho
Director, Department of Scientific and Technological Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Brazil
Ambassador Benedicto Fonseca Filho is Director of the Department of Scientific and Technological Affairs of the Ministry of External Relations of Brazil. A trained diplomat by profession, he has represented Brazil since his appointment as Ambassador in 2010 at several international forums related to Internet governance issues including the IGF, the WSIS process, the CSTD, ICANN’s GAC and Netmundial.
Director of International Cyber Policy, Federal Foreign Office, Germany
Thomas Fitschen is the Director for the United Nations, for international cooperation against terrorism and for cyber foreign policy at the Federal Foreign Office (since August 2015).
Before returning to Berlin, he was Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative of the Federal Republic of Germany to the Office of the United Nations and the other International Organizations in Geneva (2012 - 2015).
From October 2011 to July 2012 Dr. Fitschen was a Faculty Member of the Geneva Center for Security Policy.
He is a lawyer by training and holds a doctorate in international law from the University of Saarbrücken. Dr. Fitschen joined the Federal Foreign Office in 1990.
Dr. Fitschen is a member of the German Society of International Law (DGIR), the European Society of International Law (ESIL) and the German United Nations Association (DGVN).
Elfa Yr Gylfadottir
Director, Media Commission, Ministry of Communications, Iceland
Ms. Elfa Ýr Gylfadóttir is the Director of the Media Commission, the independent regulator for media in Iceland. Prior to that she was the Head of Division of Media at the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture. Ms. Gylfadottir was one of the main authors of the Act on the National Broadcasting Service No. 23/2013 and the Icelandic Media Law No. 38/2011, transposing the AVMS Directive. Ms. Gylfadottir has been a lecturer at the University of Iceland for 13 years. She is the author and co-author of several peer reviewed articles on media policy and media law. Ms. Gylfadóttir is the Chair of the Steering Committee on Media and Information Society at the Council of Europe.
Deputy Director General for Political Affairs and Security, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, Italy
Gianfranco Incarnato, a member of the Italian Diplomatic Service, rank of
Minister-Counselor, has been Deputy General Director for Political Affairs and
Principal Director for Security, Disarmament and Non-Proliferation since September 2015. Mr. Incarnato began his diplomatic career in 1985, serving as a political officer in Mogadishu in 1987, then in Paris, from 1990. From 1997 to 2001, he worked at the Italian Mission to the United Nations, New York, as Head of the disarmament and peacekeeping division. In this position, he also dealt with African issues in the Security Council.
From 2001 to 2005, he worked at the Italian Permanent Mission to the European
Union, as a national representative in the civilian crisis management committee and the political-military group. He also served as Cyber security coordinator and Sherpa for the Nuclear Security Summit in the General Directorate for Political Affairs.
Senior Advisor to the President for Government Engagement, ICANN
Tarek Kamel is the senior advisor to the president for government and IGO engagement at ICANN. Mr. Kamel participated heavily in many global Internet governance initiatives, especially those related to developing countries. Moreover, he is one of the founding members of Afrinic in 2001. Mr. Kamel has strongly participated in the globalization efforts of ICANN and the IANA.
Director, Ranking Digital Rights, New America Foundation
Rebecca MacKinnon directs the Ranking Digital Rights project at New America, evaluating tech companies on their respect for users’ free expression and privacy. Ms. MacKinnon is co-founder of the citizen media network Global Voices and author of Consent of the Networked: The Worldwide Struggle For Internet Freedom. She was a founding Board member of the Global Network Initiative and is currently on the Board of the Committee to Protect Journalists. Fluent in Mandarin Chinese, Ms. MacKinnon was CNN’s Bureau Chief and correspondent in China and Japan between 1998-2004. More recently, she has taught at the University of Hong Kong and the University of Pennsylvania Law School. She has held fellowships at Harvard’s Shorenstein and Berkman Centers, the Open Society Foundations, and Princeton’s Center for Information Technology Policy. She received her AB magna cum laude from Harvard University and was a Fulbright scholar in Taiwan. She lives in Washington DC.
Assistant Director Digital Crime Investigative Support, INTERPOL
Brad Marden is currently the Assistant Director Digital Crime Investigative Support, at the INTERPOL Global Complex for Innovation in Singapore. His role includes managing the INTERPOL teams responsible for cybercrime training, strategy, outreach and facilitating joint cyber threat task forces, including engaging stakeholders from the law enforcement, public, private and academic sectors. He has 30 years law enforcement experience, specialising in transnational crime investigations including drug importation, people smuggling and cybercrime. Prior to moving to Singapore he was the Coordinator Cyber Crime Operations in the Australian Federal Police. Mr. Marden has a Bachelor of Science Degree, a Graduate Diploma in Computer Science, a Graduate Certificate in Transnational Crime Prevention and a Graduate Certificate in Applied Management.
Legal Director, Electronic Frontier Foundation
Corynne McSherry is the Legal Director at Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF), specializing in intellectual property, open access, and free speech issues. In 2015 she was named one of California's Top Entertainment Lawyers. She was also named AmLaw's "Litigator of the Week" for her work on Lenz v. Universal. Her policy work includes leading EFF’s effort to fix copyright (including the successful effort to shut down the Stop Online Privacy Act, or SOPA), promote net neutrality, and promote best practices for online expression. In 2014, she testified before Congress about problems with the Digital Millennium Copyright Act. Prior to joining EFF, Ms. McSherry was a civil litigator at the law firm of Bingham McCutchen, LLP. Ms. McSherry has a B.A. from the University of California at Santa Cruz, a Ph.D from the University of California at San Diego, and a J.D. from Stanford Law School.
Representative on Freedom of the Media, OSCE
Dunja Mijatović was appointed in 2010 as the OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media. For more than two decades she has worked on human rights, media law and regulation, institution building in transition states, and ways to deal with hate speech and dangerous speech in complex post-war societies. She acquired extensive experience in promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms through international dialogue and cooperation, media law and Internet governance policy. As one of the founders of the Communications Regulatory Agency of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1998, she helped to create a legal, regulatory, and policy framework for the media in a complex post-war society. She was also involved in establishing a self-regulatory Press Council and the first Free Media Helpline in South East Europe. Ms. Mijatović is the recipient of many awards, including the 2015 Médaille Charlemagne, the 2015 City of Geneva PEC AWARD, and the 2010 “FREEDOM” prize from the International Peace Center in Sarajevo.
Senior Director, Tech Policy, Microsoft
Paul Mitchell is responsible for policy initiatives in the areas of digital economy and the Internet. His work includes initiatives to advance more affordable connectivity around the world by advancing flexible spectrum regulations allowing for dynamic sharing, and developing innovative access networks leveraging television white spaces around the world. Prior to his current position, Mr. Mitchell held a variety of senior positions with Microsoft’s Entertainment and Devices Division. His career also includes significant work related to digital and interactive media including developing standards for digital television in advance of the U.S. DTV transition. He held several roles in the Microsoft TV division including Chief of Staff and General Manager of the Tools and Applications Product Unit. He also serves on the ITU/UNESCO Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development, on the board of the United States Telecommunications Training Institute, and on the advisory board of the Evans School of Public Policy and Governance at the University of Washington.
Director, Fundamental Rights and Citizenship, Directorate General for Justice and Consumers (DG JUST), European Commission
Paul Nemitz is the Director for Fundamental Rights and Union Citizenship in the Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers of the European Commission. Before joining the Directorate-General for Justice, Mr. Nemitz held positions in the Legal Service of the European Commission, in the Cabinet of the Commissioner for Development Cooperation and in the Directorates General for Trade, Transport and Maritime Affairs. Mr. Nemitz has extensive experience as litigator of the European Commission before the Court of Justice of the European Union. He is visiting Professor at the College of Europe in Bruges. Mr. Nemitz studied Law at the Hamburg University and holds a Master's degree in Comparative Law from George Washington University Law School.
Coordinator for Cyber Issues, State Department, USA
Christopher Painter is the US Secretary’s first Coordinator for Cyber Issues, responsible for coordinating the US’ diplomatic efforts to advance an open, interoperable, secure and reliable Internet and information infrastructure. Mr. Painter works closely a variety of stakeholder groups to implement the President’s International Strategy for Cyberspace and ensure that US foreign policy positions on cross-cutting cyber issues are fully synchronized. Prior to joining the State Department, Mr. Painter served in the White House as Senior Director for Cyber Policy and worked for the National Security Council as the Acting Cyber Coordinator. As the Senior Director for Cyber Policy, Mr. Painter was directly involved in the President's Cyberspace Policy Review and coordinated the development of the President’s 2011 International Strategy for Cyberspace. Mr. Painter is a graduate of Stanford Law School and Cornell University.
Chairman, Ghana National Information Technology Agency
Nii Narku Quaynor is widely acclaimed as one of the founding fathers of the Internet in Africa. He was the first African to be elected to the ICANN board from 2000 to 2003. Nii Quaynor was the Chair of the Organization of African Unity’s Internet Task Force, a member of the IGF Multistakeholder Advisory Group and the UN Secretary General Advisory Group on ICT, and President of the Internet Society of Ghana.
Principal Adviser, DG CONNECT, European Commission
Megan Richards has been Principal Advisor in DG CONNECT at the European Commission since October 2013. She joined the European Commission in 1991, where she has held several senior management positions in the Directorates General responsible for research and information society. Prior to joining the European Commission, she worked at the UNDP and the Inter-American Development Bank, as well as for the Canadian government and in private law firms.
Nicolas de Riviere
Director General for Political Affairs and Security, French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development
Nicolas de Riviere is currently the Director General for Political Affairs and Security of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development. Previously, he served as the deputy representative for the Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations.
Member, European Parliament
Marietje Schaake has been serving as a Member of the European Parliament for the Dutch Democratic Party (D66) with the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) since 2009. She is Coordinator on the International Trade Committee and is the spokesperson for the ALDE Group on the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). Ms. Schaake also serves on the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Subcommittee on Human Rights. She is the founder of the European Parliament Intergroup on the Digital Agenda for Europe. Furthermore, Ms. Schaake is the Vice-President of the US Delegation and serves on the Iran Delegation and the Delegation for the Arab Peninsula. She is a Young Global Leader with the World Economic Forum and serves on its Global Future Council on the Future of Digital Economy and Society. Ms. Schaake serves on the Supervisory Board of Free Press Unlimited and is a Member of the European Council on Foreign Relations.
Carlos Affonso Souza
Director, Institute for Technology and Society (ITS Rio)
Carlos Affonso is a founder and Director of the Institute for Technology and Society of Rio de Janeiro. He is a professor of Private Law at the Rio de Janeiro State University (UERJ) and the Catholic University of Rio (PUC). He is an Affiliated Fellow of Yale Law School’s Information Society Project and a consulting member of the Brazilian Internet Observatory, created by CGI.br. He is also a member of the I&J Observatory.
Lawrence E. Strickling
Assistant Secretary for Communications and Information, Department of Commerce, USA
Lawrence E. Strickling was sworn in as Assistant Secretary for Communications and Information at the US Department of Commerce in June 2009. In this role, Mr. Strickling serves as Administrator of the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), the Executive Branch agency that is principally responsible for advising the President on telecommunications and information policy. A technology policy expert with more than two decades of experience in the public and private sectors, his focus at NTIA includes leading initiatives to expand broadband Internet access and adoption in the US and to ensure that the Internet remains an engine for continued innovation and economic growth.
Head of Internet Standard-Setting Unit, Council of Europe
Elvana Thaçi works for the Media and Internet Division, in the General Directorate of Human Rights and Rule of Law of the Council of Europe. She has participated in the preparation and intergovernmental negotiation of a number of Council of Europe policy documents on the protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms on the Internet, in particular privacy, freedom of expression and freedom of association. She has also been actively involved in Internet governance dialogues at the Governmental Advisory Committee of ICANN, the European Dialogue on Internet Governance, and the Internet Governance Forum.
Enabling Multistakeholder Cooperation
The continued work of Internet & Jurisdiction is made possible thanks to